Team Handball Glossary

Passive Play: It is illegal to keep the ball in a team's possession without making a recognizable attempt to attack and to try to score. In other words, a team cannot stall (free-throw awarded to the other team).

Throw-Off: Taken by the team that wins the coin toss and chooses to start the game with the ball. Each team must be in its own half of the court with the defense 3 meters away from the ball. Following a whistle, the ball is passed from center court to a teammate and play begins. Throw-off is repeated after every goal scored and after half-time.

Throw-In: Awarded when ball goes out of bounds on the sideline or when the ball is last touched by a defensive player (excluding the goalie) and goes out of bounds over the endline. The throw-in is taken from the spot where the ball crossed the sideline, or if it crossed the endline, from the nearest corner. The thrower must place one foot on the sideline to execute the throw. All opposing players must stay 3 meters away from the ball.

Referee Throw: Awarded when the ball touches anything above the court; after a simultaneous infringement of the rules; or after simultaneous possession of the ball. The referee throws the ball vertically between two opposing players, who may grab the ball or tap it to a teammate. All other players must be 3 meters away from the throw. The referee throw is always taken at center court.

Free-Throw: For a minor foul or violation, a free-throw is awarded to the opponent at the exact spot it took place. If the foul or violation occurs between the goal area line and the 9-meter line, the throw is taken from the nearest post outside the 9-meter line. The thrower must keep one foot in contact with the floor, then pass or shoot.

7-Meter Throw: Awarded when a foul destroys a clear chance to score; the goalie carries the ball back into his or her own goal area; a court player intentionally plays the ball to his or her own goalie in the goal area and the goalie touches the ball; or a defensive player enters his or her goal area to gain an advantage over an attacking player in possession of the ball. All players must be outside the free-throw line when the throw is taken. Player taking throw has 3 seconds to shoot after referee's whistle. Any player may take the 7-meter throw.

Goal-Throw: Awarded when the ball rebounds off the goalkeeper over the endline or the ball is thrown over the endline by the attacking team. The goalie takes the throw inside the goal area and is not restricted by the 3-step/3-second rule.